Sprains and Strains
This is an area which is often over complicated in first aid training and really does not need to be.
are where ligaments are damaged between bones
This is like an eleastic band between your bones, it allows for bones to bend and keep the bones pulled together.
Think of an over tightened elastic band, keep over tightening it and eventually it will snap. When you twist and ankle for example it will over stretch the ligament causing it to tear of snap.
This causes the body to react and inflammation, swelling, pain and discolouration will set in.
THINK: twisted ankle (ankle is a joint)
Sprains = Joints
Strains = Muscles
Sprains & Strains Treatment
The acronym R.I.C.E. is used for the treatment for sprains and strains, it is also used as treatment for bruises as well.
Rest the injured part to prevent any further movement and further damage
Use ice as this helps reduce the bruising, do not place ice directly onto skin, wrap in plastic then a cloth then apply it onto the effected area
Use a bandage to wrap around the ice to hold it in place, make it firmly secure but not so tight to cut off the blood circulation.
Finally elevate the injured part, this makes the blood run slower to the injured area, a bruise after all is a type of internal bleed and the colour of the bruise is blood escaping.