The role of a first aider is to administer immediate first aid treatment to a person who has become ill or injured until the arrival of more qualified medical personnel

First Aider 

Role and responsibilities

SCENE SAFETY

 

Assess the situation quickly and calmly, cene safety is of paramount importance because if something happens to you  then you may be unable to help the casualty.

Make sure the scene surrounding the casualty is safe for you to approach and that you will not be hurt in anyway, also ensure there is nothing else that could result in further harm to your casualty.

 

Take charge of the scene, this may mean preventing vehicular

movement or getting problematic people out of the way.

PREVENT INFECTION

 

Infection is not just what you can catch from the casualty but what they can catch from you. Cross contamination is a major concern here. Gloves are essential so ensure you have medical gloves that fit your hands and are not latex as some people are allergic to latex. 

Once the gloves are on be careful what you touch as dirt and grease can cross contaminate your gloves and lead to infection.

 

Do not:

  • Sneeze or cough onto your gloves 

  • Wipe your mouth with your hands

  • Use the same gloves to treat another person (use a new pair of gloves for each casualty)

Ensure you clean up thoroughly afterwards this includes any bandages, wipes and bodily fluids. The las thing to ge oint to the medical waste bag should be your gloves as you finish. 

REASSURE THE CASUALTY

 

You are to reassure the casualty and keep them calm. Be confident in both your manner and body language as your casualty wants to be confident that you know what you are doing, this in turn gives them some reassurance. Be calm and confident in the way you communicate to the casualty. 

CASUALTY ASSESSMENT

 

Your main priority is to ascertain what is wrong with the casualty, this can be done via two methods defendant on whether the casualty is conscious or not, don't forget your first aid priorities:

Conscious casualty: 

The simplest way is to ask them

  • What happened?

  • Where does it hurt? 

  • How did it happen?

Unconscious casualty:

  • Ask any bystanders if they saw what happened

  • Do they know the casualty?

  • Do they know of any previous medical conditions of the casualty?

See our history, signs and symptoms section

DELIVER FIRST AID TREATMENT

 

Remember the first aid treatment priorities as per the picture

 

Treat the most serious condition first then move onto the less serious

Once dealt with then move onto your secondary survey 

ARRANGE HELP

 

Ensure you contact the relevant emergency services that you require